Economic and Social Development: Memorandum of Settlement (Bodo Accord)

14. Trade and Commerce

The General Council will have powers to regulate trade and commerce within its jurisdiction in accordance with the existing law. For this purpose, it can issue permits and licences to individuals within the BAC area. The Government of Assam and the Union Government while considering allotment of permits to people residing within the BAC area will give preference to the Bodos.

15. Employment opportunities

The BAC will have powers to reserve jobs for Scheduled Tribes within its jurisdiction. However, exercise of such powers shall be in accordance with the existing constitutional and legal provisions.

19. Share in collection of excise duty on tea

The Government of Assam will deposit in the BAC Fund revenue collected from the tea gardens falling within the BAC area.

Implementation History

1993

Minimum Implementation

The economic and social provisions of the 1993 Bodo Accord were never implemented. The accord and the Bodoland Act, which established the Bodoland Autonomous Council, granted the Bodoland Executive Council (BEC) authority over trade and commerce within its jurisdiction. The BEC was given the authority to issue permits and licenses for trade and commerce. Similarly, the BEC could collect excise duty on tea. Notwithstanding all these provisions, the BEC had limited financial powers and the state government exercised overwhelming dominance over the executive powers.1

  • 1. Manoj Kumar Nath, “Bodo Insurgency in Assam: New Accord and New Problems,” Strategic Analysis 27, no. 4 (2003): 533-545.
1994

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1995

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1996

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1998

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.