Donor Support: Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi

Protocol V, Chapter 1, Article 9: Financial guarantees

Implementation of all the reforms and programmes contained in the Agreement will require financial support from donors. In this context, the Facilitator, in coordination with the Implementation Monitoring Committee and the transitional Government, shall take the necessary steps for a donors' conference to be convened to raise funds for the reconstruction of Burundi.

Implementation History

2003

Minimum Implementation

Immediately after the signing of the Arusha Accord, mediator and former president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela called for a donor conference to collect funds for rebuilding Burundi.1 The donors’ conference was scheduled for 11 and 12 December. The largest rebel group CNDD-FDD, which was yet to sign the Arusha accord protested the conference by writing a letter to the UN Secretary General.2 Nevertheless, donor conference took place as scheduled and in the conference donors and development agencies pledged $440 million.3

In 2002, a two day donor conference was organized in Geneva on 27 and 28 November in which Burundi Ministry of Planning asked for 1.2 Billion US Dollars for its social programs including rehabilitation and reconstruction. In the conference Donors promised 905 Million US Dollars.4

  • 1. "Burundi: Mandela calls for Donor conference on Burundi," BBC Worldwide Monitoring, October 28, 2000.
  • 2. "Burundi: Rebel group writes to UN to protest against donor conference," BBC Worldwide Monitoring, December 8, 2000.
  • 3. "Paris conference on Burundi successful beyond expectations - President Buyoya," BBC Worldwide Monitoring, December 12, 2000.
  • 4. "Burundi: Donor conference pledges 905m US dollars to support recovery," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, December 2, 2002.
2004

Minimum Implementation

On 13 and 14 January 2004, donor conference was held in Brussels in initiatives of Belgium in which participants pleaded 1.032 Billion US Dollar support to Burundi.5

2005

Minimum Implementation

No donor conference was organized in 2005.

2006

Full Implementation

A donor conference was held on 28 February 2006 in which donors and international development agencies pleaded $170 million.6 In 2006, the Secretary General declared Burundi eligible to receive support from United Nations Peacebuilding Fund.

  • 6. "Secretary General’s Report to the Security Council," United Nations (S/2006/163), March 21, 2006.
2007

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2008

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2009

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2010

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2011

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2012

Full Implementation

Between 2006 and 2013, Burundi received 49.2 Million USD for various peacebuilding priority including security sector reform, property or land issues.7 In a donor conference organized on 28 and 29 December 2012, Burundi asked for over 1 Billion USD for its development programs between 2012 and 2016. In a conference organized in Geneva, donor countries and development agencies pleaded more than 2 Billion USD in financial assistance to support its development programs between 2012 and 2015.8