Dispute Resolution Committee: National Pact

TITLE III: SPECIAL STATUS OF THE NORTH OF MALI

15. In accordance with the decision reached between the two parties at the Mopti Conference in December 1991, confirmed in their Algiers meeting of January 1992 and repeated at their meeting in March, the Independent Commission of Enquiry will be set up in Mopti within 15 days after signature of the Pact.

16. In case the two parties should not have been able to agree within the period specified in the previous paragraph, on the full composition of the Independent Commission of Enquiry, the Commission for Supervision of the Pact -whose creation is included in the present document -meeting under the Chairmanship of the Mediator at the end of the first month after the signing of this Pact, will consider the question and will search out ways and means to overcome this difficulty so that the Independent Commission of Enquiry may be able to function within the terms agreed between the two parties and recorded in the paragraph below.

TITLE VII: ON GUARANTEES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PACT

81. In order to avoid any misunderstanding concerning the sincere and loyal implementation of the present Pact, and in addition to the Ceasefire Commission described under Title II paragraph 8, the two parties have decided to install a Commission for Supervision and Implementation of the Pact.

82. The said Commission shall be installed within 15 days after the signature of the Agreement, and will carry out its task for one year. The Commission for Supervision shall be permanently composed of the representatives of the two parties, in the number of four from each side. The permanent chairmanship shall be held by each of the two parties, alternating monthly, with the first chairmanship falling to the party of the Unified Movements and Fronts of the Azawad.

83. The Commission for Supervision shall hold special sessions in the presence of and under the chairmanship of the Mediator who shall designate representatives to the Commission. These sessions will examine and resolve any problems which may arise, linked to the implementation of the present Pact. They shall be convened at the end of the second and third months following signature of the Agreement, and again at the end of the second trimester, and at the end of the second semester following the signature. These sessions shall give rise to official Minutes and to Press Releases.

83 bis As agreed during their meeting in Algiers, during which the two parties announced their intention to consult with their constituents concerning the Agreement reached, the two parties confirm that these consultations have taken place.

Implementation History

1992

Full Implementation

The commission for the supervision of the National Pact was established on 25 April 1992 at the Ministry of Internal Security. The committee consisted of four representatives from the Malian government, four from the Malians of the Unified Movements and Fronts of the Azaouad, and five Algerians. Mr. Soummana Diallo, the Malian government’s delegate to the north, chaired the commission; the purpose of the commission was to avoid any misunderstanding in the implementation of the National Pact.1 The commission’s first meeting took place on July 11, 1992.2 Active while violence was still taking place, the commission deplored the violence and called for the organization of awareness campaigns on the Pact through radio and television debates.

  • 1. "WEST AFRICA IN BRIEF; Mali national pact follow up committee installed," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, April 29, 1992.
  • 2. "Mali President meets Algerian and Tuareg delegates; pact committee meeting ends," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, July 14, 1992.
1993

Full Implementation

The fourth meeting of the National Pact Implementation Commission took place on 13-14 April 1993. The closing ceremony of the commission’s deliberation was presided over by President Konare. During deliberation, the commission reviewed the various phases of the National Pact’s implementation and expressed satisfaction with the progress that had been made.3

  • 3. "West AFrica; Mali: Meeting of National Pact Implementation Committee," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, April 14, 1993.
1994

Full Implementation

No information is available regarding the implementation commission’s activities. President Konare claimed that the implementation of the peace deal was blocked in October 1993 because an estimated 80,000 Tuareg refugees stood in the way.4

  • 4. "Tuareg front, Mali government edge towards peace deal," Agence France Presse, April 18, 1994.
1995

Full Implementation

No further information is available regarding the Implementation Commission actions as they relate to the National Pact. In fact, the commission could be termed “dysfunctional” as of October 1993. Nevertheless, the Implementation Commission did verify the implementation of the pact in 1992 and 1993. 

1996

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1998

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.