Dispute Resolution Committee: Lomé Peace Agreement

ARTICLE VI COMMISSION FOR THE CONSOLIDATION OF PEACE

7. Recommendations for improvements or modifications shall be made to the President of sierra Leone for appropriate action. Likewise, failures of the structures to perform their assigned duties shall also be brought to the attention of the President.

8. Disputes arising out of the preceding paragraph shall be brought to the Council of Elders and Religious Leaders for resolution, as specified in Article VIII of the present Agreement.

ARTICLE VIII COUNCIL OF ELDERS AND RELIGIOUS LEADERS

1. The signatories agree to refer any conflicting differences of interpretation of this Article or any other Article of the present Agreement or its protocols, to a Council of Elders and Religious Leaders comprised as follows:

(i) Two members appointed by the Inter-Religious Council;
(ii) One member each appointed by the Government and the RUF; and
(iii) One member appointed by ECOWAS.

2. The Council shall designate its own chairperson from among its members. All of its decision shall be taken by the concurrence of at least four members, and shall be binding and public, provided that an aggrieved party may appeal to the Supreme Court.

Implementation History

1999

Minimum Implementation

On October 23, 1999, rebel leader Johnny Paul Koroma was named chairman of the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace (CCP) in Sierra Leone. At the same time President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah slowly completed his cabinet under a July peace agreement signed with the rebels. State radio said the Commission would comprise two representatives from civil society, one each from the Government and Revolutionary United Front (RUF), and a Parliamentarian. The Commission had the responsibility of supervising and observing the implementation of the peace agreement. The Commission also ensures that the process of national reconciliation is pursued. The position of Koroma, chairman of the ousted Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), had remained vague under the Lomé peace agreement (Source: Koroma named to head Sierra Leone peace commission, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, October 24, 1999).

According to a report:

“Initially, with Koroma as its chair, the CCP was politically and financially marginalized by both the government and the international community. While its original plan of action identified fundamental issues underlying the conflict and proposed practical solutions to ensure the security and welfare of the people, it eventually pared down its scope to focus on confidence-building at all levels as a strategy for enhancing the peace process. With its broad membership it enjoyed the relative confidence of all parties. As Koroma's public and political rehabilitation outpaced Sankoh's and with growing recognition that multi-level confidence-building was crucial to the peace process, the commission began to attract greater attention and financial support”1

According to a report:

“The serious disagreements that arose during the first ten months of the life of the agreement, and the disastrous effect they were to have, point to fundamental negligence on the part of the government to provide for an effective dispute resolution mechanism. Under the agreement, a Council of Elders and Religious Leaders was to be established to settle differences arising from conflicting interpretations of how it should be implemented. One would assume that potentially explosive misunderstandings could have received special attention from this mediating body. Unfortunately, the government never set up the Council of Elders, even though its establishment would not have been costly”2

2000

Intermediate Implementation

The Commission for the Consolidation of Peace (CCP), led by Chairman Johnny Paul Koroma, organized a conference in Bo for ground/battalion commanders of all former warring factions. The five day conference, held from April 18-22, 2000, was an information sharing and confidence-building event which, it was hoped, would end with commanders making commitments to disarm3The conference was a major success. The conference provoked deep reflections by young combatants from all the factions on the catastrophic effects of the war on the country and their own future.

  • 3. "Sierra Leone; Mr. Achodo Comments On The Idea Of Fast Tracking DDR," Africa News, April 21, 2000.
2001

Intermediate Implementation

In January 2001, “the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace, headed by former AFRC junta strongman, Johnny Paul Koroma, organised a three-day Youth symposium in the RUF headquarters of Makeni. Jointly organised with the National Forum for Reconciliation, the symposium, which was part of the CCP's strategy to use youths to persuade their colleagues to drop their guns and embrace peace, attracted hundreds of people, including the RUF”4

CCP was involved in various activities throughout the year.

  • 4. "Sierra Leone; Johnny Paul's Commission Ends Symposium in Makeni," Africa News, January 5, 2001).
2002

Intermediate Implementation

According to a report:

“A high power delegation from the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace (CCP) returned from Kono after successfully completing a fact finding mission. According to a member of the delegation, they investigated the causes of the recent clash between the RUF and Kono residents which led to the death of the notorious RUF Commander Demba Marah and also identified practical problems facing the people of the district”. The quarrel, started over the date for the termination of illicit mining, caused the death of over fifty former RUF and CDF combatants. “The CCP representative further disclosed that the government and the international community should take the issue of Kono seriously as about 95% of the population are involved in active mining.5

In early 2002, Koroma resigned from his position as head of the CCP in order to launch a political career and take part in the 2002 national elections.

No further information found. On May 14, 2002, multiparty elections took place for the President and the Parliament.

  • 5. "Sierra Leone; CCP On Fact Finding Mission in Kono," Africa News, January 9, 2002.
2003

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2005

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2006

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2007

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2009

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.