Disarmament: MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (15 AUGUST, 2005)

3.1 Amnesty

3.1.4 Use of weapons by GAM personnel after the signature of this MoU will be regarded as a violation of the MoU and will disqualify the person from amnesty.

4. Security arrangements

4.3 GAM undertakes the decommissioning of all arms, ammunition and explosives held by the participants in GAM activities with the assistance of the Aceh Monitoring Mission (AMM). GAM commits to hand over 840 arms.

4.4 The decommissioning of GAM armaments will begin on 15 September 2005 and will be executed in four stages and concluded by 31 December 2005.

4.5 GoI will withdraw all elements of non-organic military and non-organic police forces from Aceh.

4.6 The relocation of non-organic military and non-organic police forces will begin on 15 September 2005 and will be executed in four stages in parallel with the GAM decommissioning immediately after each stage has been verified by the AMM, and concluded by 31 December 2005.

4.7 The number of organic military forces to remain in Aceh after the relocation is 14700.
The number of organic police forces to remain in Aceh after the relocation is 9100.

4.8 There will be no major movements of military forces after the signing of this MoU. All movements more than a platoon size will require prior notification to the Head of the Monitoring Mission.

4.9 GoI undertakes the decommissioning of all illegal arms, ammunition and explosives held by any possible illegal groups and parties.

5. Establishment of the Aceh Monitoring Mission

5.9 GoI will provide weapons collection points and support mobile weapons collection teams in collaboration with GAM.

5.10 Immediate destruction will be carried out after the collection of weapons and ammunitions. This process will be fully documented and publicised as appropriate.

Implementation History

2005

Full Implementation

Following the MoU, the European Commission decided to establish the Aceh Monitoring Mission starting 15 September 2005. As specified in the MoU, the AMM was responsible for monitoring the demobilization of GAM combatants and decommissioning their weapons, the relocation of organic military and non-organic police troops, the reintegration of GAM members, and the human rights situation, among other things. The mission was initially launched for six months. It had 80 monitors on the ground.1

By the end of the year, the GAM handed over 1,011 weapons to the AMM during the decommissioning process. Of those weapons provided, only 840 were recognized.2

On 23 December 2005, the AMM issued a press advisory suggesting that the formal process of disarmament and decommissioning of weapons had been completed.3

  • 1. "EU Monitoring Mission In Aceh (Indonesia) – Background," European Union Council Secretariat (ACEH/07), December 15, 2006.
  • 2. "Indonesia: Free Aceh Movement announces dissolution of military wing," BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, December 27, 2005.
  • 3. "Towards a Weapon Free Aceh, Public Announcement," Aceh Monitoring Mission, last modified December 22, 2005, accessed March 27, 2013, http://www.aceh-mm.org.
2006

Full Implementation

GAM surrendered and decommissioned its weapons in 2005.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2013

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2014

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.