Disarmament: Memorandum of Settlement (Bodo Accord)

18. Relief and Rehabilitation

(i) ABSU - BPAC leaders will take immediate steps to bring overground and deposit with the District authorities all arms, ammunition and explosives in the possession of their own supporters and will cooperate with the administration in bringing overground all Bodo militants along with their arms and ammunition etc. within one month of the formation of the Interim BEC. In order to ensure the smooth return to civil life of the cadre and to assist in the quick restoration of peace and normalcy, such surrenders made voluntarily will not attract prosecution.

Implementation History

1993

Minimum Implementation

The process of disarming the Bodo militants started less than a month after the accord was signed on 20 February 1993. A symbolic surrender of arms took place on 7 March 1993. In this surrender, 10 members of the Bodo militants under the leadership of Premsing Brahma gave up their arms in front of the Union Minister of State for Home. By early May 1993, an estimated 1,700 Bodo militants had surrendered their arms, ammunition, and other explosives.1 However, the number of Bodo militants fighting in the conflict is not clear. Also, the amount of arms and ammunition surrendered by the Bodo militants is not clear.

Since the ABSU mostly utilized demonstration activities to indicate its dissatisfaction with the demarcation progress, it can be said this provision of the accord was implemented. Nevertheless, when it became clear the provision of the accord had not been implemented, other Bodo groups began to engage in armed conflict.2  

  • 1. "108 bodo militants give in in northeast India," Xinhua General News Service, May 10, 1993.
  • 2. Manoj Kumar Nath, “Bodo Insurgency in Assam: New Accord and New Problems,” Strategic Analysis 27, no. 4 (2003): 533-545.
1994

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1995

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1996

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1998

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.