Disarmament: Abidjan Peace Agreement

ARTICLE 5

The disarmament of combatants will be effected upon their entry into the designated assembly zones, and demobilization and reintegration as soon as practicable thereafter. The upkeep and welfare of the encamped combatants shall be the primary responsibility of the Government of Sierra Leone in conjunction with the Commission for the Consolidation of Peace, assisted by the international community.

Implementation History

1996

No Implementation

No disarmament programs were undertaken in 1996.1 Sankoh (the leader of RUF) attempted to purchase arms in Nigeria following the peace accord.2 

  • 1. "Sierra Leone rebels come to capital for talks," Deutsche Presse-Agentur, December 19, 1996.
  • 2. Kendra Dupuy and Helga Malmin Binningsbø, "Power-sharing and Peace-building in Sierra Leone: Power-sharing Agreements, Negotiations and Peace Processes," CSCW Policy Brief 7 (Oslo: PRIO/CSCW, 2007).
1997

No Implementation

In 1997, Major Johnny Paul Koroma and his soldiers formed an alliance with RUF troops and toppled Sierra Leone's government. President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fled into Guinea.3

  • 3. "Sierra Leone coup leader claims power," The Independent (London), May 26, 1997, 13.
1998

No Implementation

In 1998, the former government ousted the RUF/AFRC government. RUF and the former government returned to full scale civil war in 1998.4

Coding for this case ceased on December 31, 1998.

  • 4. "Uppsala Conflict Data Program," Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research, accessed June 3, 2011, www.ucdp.uu.se/database.