Detailed Implementation Timeline: Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 13: Duration of the transition

1. The transition period shall commence from the time that the conditions necessary for installing the transitional Government in accordance with the applicable instruments have been met, which shall be as soon as possible after three months, and in any event not later than six months, from the date of signature of the Agreement. The Implementation Monitoring Committee alone shall determine this date, and may bring it forward if it decides that the necessary conditions exist. Until the transition period commences, all parties shall meet their obligations under the Agreement to establish or co-operate in establishing the agreed legal and institutional framework. The implementation Monitoring Committee, established as set forth in Protocol V, shall be the mechanism for guaranteeing compliance with the Agreement.

2. The transition period shall culminate upon the election of the new President. The presidential election shall take place after the first democratic election of the National Assembly. Both elections shall take place within 30 months of the commencement of the transition period.

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 14: Political parties during the transition

1. The transitional National Assembly shall within twelve months of its installation adopt a law setting forth the qualifications and procedure for registration of political parties.

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 15: Transitional institutions

4. The transitional National Assembly and the traditional Senate shall within 18 months adopt in the same terms, by a two-thirds majority, a post-transition Constitution in conformity with the principles set forth in Chapter I of the present Protocol.

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 17: Judicial and administrative reforms

1. Within 30 days of the commencement of the transition period, a commission of the transitional National Assembly in which all the parties are represented shall be established to monitor the reforms of the public administration and of the administration of justice and to submit recommendations thereon to the transitional National Assembly and the transitional Executive.

Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 20: Elections

1. Elections at the commune level and at the national level shall be held during the transition period in accordance with the provisions and within the time-frames set forth in the present Protocol.

5. The transitional National Assembly shall within 12 months and by a two-thirds majority adopt a law regarding electoral rules.

Arusha, Protocol II, Chapter II, Article 22: Interim period

(b) Within 60 days of signature, a document nominating the members representing the participating party in the transitional National Assembly.

4. The transitional President and Vice-President shall within 60 days of the signature of the Agreement submit to the Implementation Monitoring Committee a list identifying the members of the Cabinet.

5. Starting one month after the signature of the Agreement, the Implementation Monitoring Committee shall continuously review whether the conditions for the installation of a transitional Government have been met, and may direct the Government or any Party or participating party to undertake any steps which would enable those conditions to be met. It alone shall fix the date on which the transitional National Assembly and transitional Government shall be installed, and may postpone such date, provided the final date is not later than six months after the signature of the Agreement.
Indicative Timetable for the Implementation of the Global

Signing of the FTA
The parties, The Facilitation, The Regional, Initiative, African Union, United Nations (D Day = 2, November 2003)

Effective ceasefire
The parties (D Day + 7)

Implementation of the JCC and Joint Military Units
The parties (TGoB & CNDD-FDD), United Nations (D Day + 7)

Deployment of observers of the African Mission on the Burundi territory
AMIB, JCC (D Day + 7)

Disengagement of forces
The parties, AMIB, JCC (D Day + 7)

Establishment of the new Transitional Government of Burundi
Current Transitional Government of Burundi and the CNDD-FDD (D Day +21)

Confinement and cantonment to barracks
The new Government, AMIB and JCC (D Day +18)

Disarming of the militia
The Transitional Government of Burundi, AMIB (D Day +18)

Control of heavy weapons by AMIB
AMIB (D Day+18)

Establishment of Integrated Chiefs of Staff (NDF, PN, SNR)
The new Transitional Government of Burundi (Day D +21)

Beginning of training of the first Joint Military Units
The new Transitional Government of Burundi, AMIB, JCC (D Day +25)

Beginning of integration and DDRR
The new Transitional Government of Burundi, AMIB, JCC (D Day +30)

Beginning of training of the other units to constitute the NDF, NP and NIS
The new Transitional Government of Burundi, AMIB, JCC (D Day + 80)

Completion of the establishment of the NDF, NP and NIS

The parties, AMIB, Facilitation Regional Initiative (D Day +365)

Implementation History

2003

Full Implementation

The Timeline related to implementing ceasefire provisions, establishing a transitional government and a new transitional government with CNDD-FDD were followed. Establishment of transitional national assembly, deployment of AMIB and the UN peacekeepers happened on timely manner. Other provisions, such as rehabilitation of displaced and refugees, establishment of the TRC and judiciary reforms could not take place as expeditiously as aspired in the Arusha Accord.

2004

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2004

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2005

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2006

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2007

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2008

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2009

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2010

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2011

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2012

Full Implementation

No developments observed this year.