Detailed Implementation Timeline: Abuja Peace Agreement

ABUJA PEACE AGREEMENT

4. To immediately put in place a government of national unity, which will include, among other things, representatives of the self-proclaimed junta, in line with the agreement already reached by the parties;

5. That general and presidential elections shall be held not later than the end of March 1999. These elections will be observed by ECOWAS, the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries and the international community.

CEASEFIRE AGREEMENT IN GUINEA-BISSAU

Article 3

Agreement between the Government of Guinea-Bissau and the Self-proclaimed Military Junta

4. To immediately put in place a government of national unity, which will include, among other things, representatives of the self-proclaimed junta, in line with the agreement already reached by the parties;

5. That general and presidential elections shall be held not later than the end of March 1999. These elections will be observed by ECOWAS, the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries and the international community.

CEASEFIRE AGREEMENT IN GUINEA-BISSAU

Article 3

This Agreement will enter into force on 26 August 1998, at 2 a.m.

Appendix relative to the understanding of paragraph 1 (c) of the Memorandum of Understanding of 26 July 1998 between the Government of Guinea-Bissau and the Self-proclaimed Military Junta (July 26, 1998):

2. To engage in the withdrawal of the respective military forces from the Mansoa area, as soon as the interposition or observation force is deployed in the said area. This military interposition or observation force shall secure and guarantee the demilitarization of Mansoa area until a final solution is reached through the negotiation process, also established in the said Memorandum of Understanding.

Implementation History

1998

Intermediate Implementation

The timeline specified in the peace agreement was not respected in many instances. It took longer than was agreed upon for the formation of the unity government and for foreign troops to leave Bissau.

1999

Intermediate Implementation

The timeline specified in the peace agreement was not respected in many instances. It took longer than was agreed upon for the formation of the unity government and for foreign troops to leave Bissau. Also, the general and presidential elections did not take place in March of 1999.  

2000

Full Implementation

The timeline specified in the peace agreement was not respected in many instances. It took longer than was agreed upon for the formation of the unity government and for foreign troops to leave Bissau. Also, the general and presidential elections did not take place in March of 1999. Once elections took place, implementation proceeded smoothly. 

2001

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported. 

2002

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported. 

2003

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported. 

2004

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported. 

2005

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported. 

2006

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported. 

2007

Full Implementation

Implementation proceeded smoothly. No delays reported.