Demobilization: MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

(15 AUGUST, 2005)

4. Security arrangements

4.2 GAM undertakes to demobilise all of its 3000 military troops. GAM members will not wear uniforms or display military insignia or symbols after the signing of this MoU.

4.8 There will be no major movements of military forces after the signing of this MoU. All movements more than a platoon size will require prior notification to the Head of the Monitoring Mission.

Implementation History

2005

Full Implementation

In October 2005, GAM created a new National Assembly (Majelis Nasional) in Banda Aceh as its supreme political authority, as well as the Aceh Transition Committee (KPA) to supervise the demobilization of combatants.1 By the end of 2005, 3,000 GAM combatants were demobilized and the military wing was dissolved.2

As stipulated in the MoU, demobilization of Indonesian military and police and reduce their presence to 14,700 and 9,100, respectively. A total of 31,681 military and police personnel were demobilized from Aceh or redeployed in four different phases that took place in September, October, November and December of 2005.3

  • 1. Guswandi and Judith Large, “Reconfiguring politics: the Indonesia – Aceh peace process,” Accord 20 (2008):101, accessed May 1, 2010, http://www.c-r.org/our-work/accord/aceh/contents.php.
  • 2. "Indonesia: Free Aceh Movement announces dissolution of military wing," BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, December 27, 2005.
  • 3. Christine Beeck, "Re-Paving the Road to Peace: Analysis of the Implementation of DD&R in Aceh Province, Indonesia," Bonn: BICC Brief No. 35 (2007), accessed March 27, 2013, http://www.bicc.de.
2006

Full Implementation

All GAM combatants were completely demobilized in 2005.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2013

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2014

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.