Demobilization: Memorandum of Settlement (Bodo Accord)

18. Relief and Rehabilitation

(i) ABSU - BPAC leaders will take immediate steps to bring overground and deposit with the District authorities all arms, ammunition and explosives in the possession of their own supporters and will cooperate with the administration in bringing overground all Bodo militants along with their arms and ammunition etc. within one month of the formation of the Interim BEC. In order to ensure the smooth return to civil life of the cadre and to assist in the quick restoration of peace and normalcy, such surrenders made voluntarily will not attract prosecution.

Implementation History

1993

Minimum Implementation

The Bodo Accord called for the surrender of armed Bodo troops and thier return to civil life within a month. According to this provision of the accord, 10 Bodo militant members under the leadership of Premsing Brahma surrendered before the Union Minister of State for Home on 7 March 1993.1

As of May 1993, an estimated 1,700 Bodo militants had given up their arms.2 Further information on the demobilization of Bodo militants is not available.

When the government tried to draw the boundary of the BAC unilaterally, it became apparent the BEC was ineffective in carryout out its executive duties. At this time, the ABSU began to engage in demonstrations and demanded a final demarcation of the BAC be accomplished. During this time other Bodo groups returned to armed conflict.3

  • 1. Yamao Zwhwlao Brahma, Bodoland Movement 1986-2001: A Dream and Reality (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 2001).
  • 2. "108 bodo militants give in in Northeast India," Xinhua General News Service, May 10, 1993.
  • 3. Manoj Kumar Nath, “Bodo Insurgency in Assam: New Accord and New Problems,” Strategic Analysis 27, no. 4 (2003): 533-545; Sudhir Jacob George, “The Bodo Movement in Assam: Unrest to Accord,” Asian Survey 34, no. 10 (1994): 878-892.
1994

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1995

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1996

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1998

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Minimum Implementation

No further developments observed.