Demobilization: Agreement for the Reform and Civil Concord

Article 5: On Disarmament and Demobilization.

a) When the exchange of prisoners, the cessation of hostilities, the mine clearance, and the establishment of dialogue have been tangibly achieved, the two Parties agree, at the latest within 7 days after the signing of this present Agreement, to proceed to disarmament and demobilization operations in successive phases:

1) Regrouping of elements from the FRUD-Armé in: RIPTA and Waddi (Northern districts).

2) Disarmament and demobilization of FRUD-Armé combatants will take place simultaneously at the regrouping points agreed upon.

3) It is imperative that all the operations of disengagement, demobilization and disarmament are accomplished within a period of seven days.

b) The governmental forces will return to their habitual position from before the conflict as soon as the operations enumerated above have come to an end. They must set about mine clearance before their withdrawal from their former encampments.

c) The demobilized elements of the FRUD-Armé benefit from the integration into the corps of defence and security or from the insertion into social life or from compensation.

d) For a successful implementation of these operations a mixed commission will be established.

It will be charged with the complete identification of all combatants according to the enclosed form supplied by the Administration.

It will also be in charge of the physical census of the men and of their military armaments (in particular individual and collective weapons) and of the collection of such weapons.

Within this mixed commission a unit in charge of sanitary and medical operations will be established.

Implementation History

2001

Intermediate Implementation

Combatants were assembled in two locations, Ribta and Waddi, in the north of the country to be demobilized, disarmed and integrated, and inserted in the security forces. According to a report, 1,160 combatants were counted at the assembly points. The National Police Force and the National Army jointly undertook an inventory of FRUD membership. According to a report, 300 members of FRUD-AD were enrolled in the armed forces and the police, while 700 were demobilized. Those who were demobilized received grants. The whole operation took place from May 23 to June 7, 2001.1 FRUD-AD combatants were demobilized and a timetable was set to downsize government forces.2

  • 1. "Permanent Mission of the Republic of Djibouti to the United Nations addressed to the Department for Disarmament Affairs on the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects," United Nations (A/CONF.192/BMS/2003/CRP.105), July 7, 2003, http://www.poa-iss.org/CountryProfiles/CountryProfileInfo.aspx?Acc=M&CoI=55.
  • 2. "DJIBOUTI: REVIEW," Africa Review World of Information, September 26, 2002.
2002

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Intermediate Implementation

No further developments observed.