Decentralization/Federalism: Accord de paix et de la reconciliation nationale

Agreement for Peace and National Reconciliation-1994

SECTION IX: DECENTRALISATION

After the restoring of peace and national reconciliation a large national decentralization regarding the transfer of certain competences and means towards the “collectivités territoriales” will be instituted in the Republic of Djibouti.

A national committee made up of all shades of political opinion in the country will be created for the drawing up of a law project on decentralisation.

Implementation History

1995

Minimum Implementation

After signing the peace agreement in December 1994, the Djibouti government initiated a fiscal decentralization planning process in October 1995. The fiscal component of decentralization was intended to increase development and public services.1

1996

Minimum Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1997

Minimum Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1998

Minimum Implementation

No developments observed this year.

1999

Minimum Implementation

With the election of a new President, a Ministry for Decentralization was set up and charged with implementing the decentralization provision. Detailed proposals for inter-departmental cooperation were set up and new regions were to be established.  

2000

Minimum Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2001

Minimum Implementation

No developments observed this year.

2002

Full Implementation

Djibouti’s National Assembly, on 7 July 2002 passed the Decentralization and Status of the Regions (Act No. 174/AN/02/4ème L), which created five regional local authorities known as: Regions Arta, Ali Sabieh, Dikhil, Obock and Tadjoura equipped with legal personality under public law and financial autonomy. The decentralization law also made provisions for the establishment and organization of Commons.2

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.