Cultural Protections: MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (15 AUGUST, 2005)

1. Governing of Aceh

1.1 Law on the Governing of Aceh

1.1.6 Kanun Aceh will be re-established for Aceh respecting the historical traditions and customs of the people of Aceh and reflecting contemporary legal requirements of Aceh.

1.1.7 The institution of Wali Nanggroe with all its ceremonial attributes and entitlements will be established.

Implementation History

2005

Full Implementation

After the MoU was signed, the GAM proposed Teungku Hasan Tiro as Aceh province's Wali Nanggroe – or as the guardian of the land. Mr. Tiro was in exile.1

This position has a lot of symbolic importance reflecting Acehnese’s cultural and religious heritage. Therefore, in the Law Governing Aceh, the province's Wali Nanggroe was made in Article 1.17 as the institution to “preserve the instrument of indigenous life of customs and culture.” Article 96 and 97 deal with this institution in details. Similarly, in Article 1.21 the Aceh Qanun or Kanun Aceh (Islamic law) related provision was accepted as part of the culture.

  • 1. "Indonesia Aceh separatists back exiled Hasan Tiro as life-long "guardian"," BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, October 16, 2005.
2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2009

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2010

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2011

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2012

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2013

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2014

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.