Constitutional Reform: Lomé Peace Agreement

ARTICLE VII

14. The Government commits itself to propose and support an amendment to the Constitution to make the exploitation of gold and diamonds the legitimate domain of the people of Sierra Leone, and to determine that the proceeds be used for the development of Sierra Leone, particularly public education, public health, infrastructure development, and compensation of incapacitated war victims as well as post-war reconstruction and development.

ARTICLE X: REVIEW OF THE PRESENT CONSTITUTION

In order to ensure that the Constitution of Sierra Leone represents the needs and aspirations of the people of Sierra Leone and that no constitutional or any other legal provision prevents the implementation of the present Agreement, the Government of Sierra Leone shall take the necessary steps to establish a Constitutional Review Committee to review the provisions of the present Constitution, and where deemed appropriate, recommend revisions and amendments, in accordance with Part V, Section 108 of the Constitution of 1991.

Implementation History

1999

Full Implementation

Several constitutional changes and legal provisions were made to facilitate the implementation of the Lomé Agreement. The agreement itself did not require ratification, though the Sierra Leone Parliament ratified the agreement on July 18, 1999 (No. 3 of 1999).

On July 23, 1999, Parliament passed the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone (Participation in Political and Democratic Process) Act, 1999 (No. 4 of 1999). The Act facilitated the transformation of the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone into a political movement and the assumption by members of the Front of any public offices assigned to them pursuant to the Lomé Peace Agreement.1

2000

Full Implementation

Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone (Participation in Political and Democratic Process) Act, 1999 allowed RUF to participate in the political process.

2001

Full Implementation

Parliament also passed the Constitution of Sierra Leone (Amendment) Act, 2001 (No. 15, 2001), which covered issues related to electoral law.2

The constitutional changes called for in the accord were passed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2007

Full Implementation

No further developments observed. 

2008

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.