Constitutional Reform: General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan

Statute of the Commission on National Reconciliations (23 December 1996)

III. Functions and Powers of the Commission:

7. The Commission shall have the following functions and powers:

Developing proposals for amending the legislation on the functioning of political parties and movements and the mass media.

During the transition period, the President and Commission on National Reconciliation will exercise the following functions and powers:

Submission to a nationwide referendum of proposals for amendments and additions to the existing Constitution;

Preparation and submission for approval by Parliament, and if necessary also by a nationwide referendum, of a new law on elections to Parliament and the local representative bodies;

Implementation History

1997

Minimum Implementation

The proposed changes to the constitution mentioned in the 1997 GA involved, in general terms: the legalization of Islamic political parties, media reform, and the holding of new representative elections. The CNR began to debate and draft proposed changes to the constitution immediately.1 

  • 1. "Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Tajikistan," United Nations (S/1997/859), November 5, 1997.
1998

Minimum Implementation

In 1998, the CNR continued to operate and debate proposed changes to the constitution.

1999

Full Implementation

Several constitutional changes were passed by popular referendum in September 1999 with 72 percent of the vote. The major changes included the creation of a new upper house of Parliament, the lifting of the ban on UTO political parties and updating the process to amend the constitution by popular referendum.2 

  • 2. Rahmatillo Zoir and Scott Newton, "Constitutional and Legislative Reform," in Politics of Compromise: the Tajikistan Peace Process, eds. K. Abdullaev and C. Barnes (London: Conciliation Resources), Accord 10:54-59.
2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2003

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2004

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2005

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2006

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.