Civil Administration Reform: National Pact

SUB-TITLE B

MEASURES TO CONSOLIDATE NATIONAL UNITY

53. Furthermore, and in the same spirit, the Government will make an effort while taking account of the qualifications required - to integrate officials from the Movements and people from among the populations of Northern Mali, into the various organs of the public and semi-public services.

This measure, which shall be executed within two months of the signing of the Pact, is also aimed at consolidating the spirit of reconciliation and reinforcing confidence, and will help to ensure a fair representation of the populations of each Region inside the State apparatus.

Implementation History

1992

No Implementation

Integration of former combatants into public and semi-public service did not materialize in 1992. 

1993

No Implementation

Integration of former combatants into public and semi-public service did not materialize in 1993. 

1994

No Implementation

Negotiations between the government and the MUFA took place in April and May of 1994 in Tamanrasset, Algeria. Both sides negotiated a range of issues including the reintegration of former combatants into uniformed forces and the integration of civilians into the civilian administration. Since the Front Islamique Arabe de l’Azawad (FIAA) demanded that 40% of integrated positions be reserved for itself, the government negotiators found themselves mediating between the demands of the two groups.1 Integration into the administration did not take place in 1994. 

  • 1. Robin-Edward Poulton and Ibrahim ag Youssouf, A Peace in Timbuktu: Democratic Governance, Development and African Peacemaking (United Nations Publication, 1998).
1995

No Implementation

Integration into the administration did not take place in 1995.

1996

Full Implementation

Integration into the public administration took place in 1996. Yet different sources report conflicting data regarding this integration. One source reporting from the president’s office on 19 February 1997 claimed that a total of 120 persons were integrated into the civil services. Among them, 20 were senior officers, 20 were higher mid-level officers, 20 were lower mid-level officers, 30 junior officers, and 30 were lower rank. Also in 1996, 100 people were integrated into the customs service and another 50 into the water and forest.2 Another source claimed that a total of 149 persons were integrated into civilian administration.3 This integration of a portion of the former combatants completes the civil administration reform that was agreed upon in the National Pact of 1992. 

1997

Full Implementation

The integration of a portion of the former combatants into the civil administration took place in 1996, thus the civil administration reform, as agreed upon in the National Pact of 1992, was completed.

1998

Full Implementation

The integration of a portion of the former combatants into the civil administration took place in 1996.

1999

Full Implementation

The integration of a portion of the former combatants into the civil administration took place in 1996.

2000

Full Implementation

The integration of a portion of the former combatants into the civil administration took place in 1996.

2001

Full Implementation

The integration of a portion of the former combatants into the civil administration took place in 1996.