Civil Administration Reform: Mindanao Final Agreement

III. The New Regional Autonomous Government (A), Civil Service Eligibilities

Article 72:

The civil service eligibility requirements for appointment to government position shall be applicable in the Autonomous Government. As necessary, the Civil Service Commission shall hold special civil service examinations in the region to further increase the number of eligibles therein. For a period not longer than five (5) years from the establishment of the Regional Autonomous Government, the GRP will endeavour to provide for appropriate civil service eligibility to applicants in the Autonomous Region, provided, the minimum educational qualifications for the position are met.

Implementation History

1996

No Implementation

The civil service reform stipulation in the 1996 accord was not implemented this year. No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found. Within the GRP Civil Service Commission, the Office of Examination, Recruitment and Placement and the Office of Public Assistance and Information were contacted for information regarding Article 72 and relevant programs targeted at ARMM residents. No information could be obtained on any specific program.1

A broad report on civil service reform and the role of civil society participation covering the administrations of Ramos (1992-1998), Estrada (1998-2001), and Macapagal-Arroyo (2001-2010) makes no mention of any policy or goal or program aimed at increasing the representation of ARMM residents in the civil service.2

1997

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.3

1998

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.4

1999

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.5

2000

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.6

2001

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.7

2002

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.8

2003

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.9

2004

No Implementation

No formal recruitment efforts, affirmative action programs, or outreach initiates by the Civil Service Commission of the Philippines intended to increase the number of ARMM residents employed in the civil service could be found.10

2005

No Implementation

The official report by the GRP (dated December 2005) which reported on the five chief articles of implementation by the GRP of the Peace Agreement made no mention of any civil service outreach program aimed at the ARMM. 

Under the heading “Participation of Muslims in the Executive Council, the Legislative Assembly, the Administrative System, and Representation in National Government,” the GRP report mentioned that recent ARMM elections (18 August 2005) had resulted in the election of Dato Zaldi Uy Ampatuan as the new Regional Governor, 24 new members in the Legislative Assembly, and Hatimil Hassan, leader of the Legislative Assembly. It was also noted that several Muslims were elected to high-ranking positions (Nasser Pangandamam, Department of Agrarian Reform, Mr. Zamzamin Ampatuan, National Anti-Poverty Commission Chairman). The report also mentions two Muslim candidates elected to the Philippine House of Representatives and two Muslim magistrates in the Court of Appeals. Civil Service or Civil Administration is not mentioned in the report on GRP compliance. 

The MNLF report to the OIC states that no outreach or training programs concerning civil service were ever implemented.11