Civil Administration Reform: Lusaka Protocol

ANNEX 6: AGENDA ITEM II.4: NATIONAL RECONCILIATION

I. General Principles

4. National Reconciliation implies:

(c) That, in the pursuit of national interest, UNITA members participate adequately at all
levels and in the various institutions of political, administrative and economic activity

II. Specific Principles

10. In order to cement National Reconciliation, the principle of the participation of UNITA members, including those professionally qualified to carry out public administration functions, namely teachers, health workers and technical staff, at the various levels of administrative and economic activity of the State, including the mass media and public enterprise sectors, shall be implemented through their incorporation, as far as possible, taking into consideration their technical and professional skills and the provisions of the law and of the Lusaka Protocol.

16. The UNITA leaders installed in office in the various political, military and administrative structures of the State shall enjoy the privileges and benefits attached to their office, as prescribed by the legislation in force.

III. Modalities

1. In application of the relevant provisions of art. 4(c) of the general principles of National Reconciliation above, the concrete modalities of participation by UNITA in the various posts in the Government, State administration and diplomatic missions abroad, as agreed between the Government and UNITA and which appear in a document which is an integral part of the annex of the Lusaka Protocol relating to National Reconciliation, shall be specific in a letter to be written by the Angolan authorities to the leaders of that party.

Document relating to UNITA's participation in the central, provincial and local administration and in the diplomatic missions abroad, in accordance with article 1 of the modalities of national reconciliation.

2. Posts in the Provincial Administration

(i) Provincial Governors

1. Governor ol Uige
2. Governor of Lunda Sul
3. Governor of Kuando Kubango

(ii) Deputy Provincial Governors

1. Deputy Governor of Luanda
2 Deputy Governor of Bengo
3. Deputy-Governor of Kwanza Sul
4. Deputy Governor of Benguela
5 Deputy Governor of Huambo
6. Deputy Governor or Bic
7. Deputy Governor of Huila

3. Posts in the Local Administration

(i) Municipal Administrators

1 Administrator of Caimbambo
2. Administrator of Camacupa
3. Administrator of Gonuuembo
4 Administrator of Cassongue
5. Administrator ol Curoca
6. Administrator of Huambo
7. Administrator of Eciinha
8. Administrator of Gambos
9. Administrator of Lubnlo
10. Administrator of Liiqucmbo
11. Administrator of Lena
12. Administrator of Camucuio
13. Administrator of Mucaba
14. Administrator of Quitexe
15. Administrator of Calahola
16. Administrator of Chilembo
17. Administrator of Cuimba
18. Administrator of Luchazes
19. Administrator of Londuimbale
20. Administrator of Bembe
21. Administrator of Ganda
22. Administrator of Quiculungo
23. Administrator of Quilenda
24. Administrator of Cilai
25. Administrator of Ingombolas
26. Administrator of Cuito Cuanavale
27. Administrator of Banga
28. Administrator of Caluiiucmbc
29. Administrator of Puri
30. Administrator of Ouela

(ii) Deputy Municipal Administrators

1. Deputy Administrator of Dande
2. Deputy Administrator of Baia Farta
3. Deputy Administrator of Buco Zau
4. Deputy Administrator of Mavinga
5. Deputy Administrator of Samba Caju
6 Deputy Administrator of Gohmgo Alio
7 Deputy Administrator of Waco Kimgo
8. Deputy Administrator of Caluma
9. Deputy Administrator of Bailuiulo
10. Deputy Administrator of Gitchiungo
11. Deputy Administrator of Caconda
12. Deputy Administrator of Viana
(Note: Number 13 is missing from the accord)
14. Deputy Administrator of Cuchi
15. Deputy Administrator of Cazenga
16. Deputy Administrator of Cuilo
17. Deputy Administrator of Cangandaia
17. Deputy Administrator of Caombo
18 Deputy Administrator of Alto Zamhcze
19. Deputy Administrator of Namilic
20. Deputy Administrator of Macocola
21. Deputy Administrator of IJige
22 Deputy Administrator of Tomboco
23 Deputy Administrator of Balombo
24. Deputy Administrator of Cassinga
25. Deputy Administrator of Longonjo
26. Deputy Administrator of Amboim
27. Deputy Administrator of Andulo
28. Deputy Administrator of Miisscndc
29. Deputy Administrator of Luhango
30. Deputy Administrator of Dala
31. Deputy Administrator of Malanjc
32. Deputy Administrator of Bula Alumha
33 Deputy Administrator of Chinguar
34 Deputy Administrator of Cuvelai
35. Deputy Administrator of Lobno

(iii) Administrators of Communes

1. Administrator of Terra Nova
2 Administrator of Cassequal
3. Administrator of Demba Chio
4. Administrator of Tabi
5. Administrator of Cutio Fula
6. Administrator of Songo
7. Administrator of Caxinga
8. Administrator of Ngola Luige
9. Administrator of Ltiemba
10. Administrator of Quihuhu
11. Administrator of Lufico
12. Administrator of Quiquiemba
13. Administrator of Sanga
14. Administrator of Pambangala
15. Administrator of Quissenguc
16. Administrator of Quiciiha
17. Administrator of Dotera
18. Administrator of Chila
19. Administrator of Cliingoiigo
20. Administrator of Chicuma
21. Administrator of Calima
22. Administrator of Cacoma
23. Administrator of Cambândua
24. Administrator of Camera
25. Administrator of Caicie
26. Administrator of Soma Cuaiua
27. Administrator of Cassamha
28. Administrator of Mnangai
29. Administrator of Lumi Cassai
30. Administrator of Liiangue
31. Administrator of Capaia
32. Administrator of Calepi
33. Administrator of Ciilenda
34. Administrator of Galangue
35. Administrator of Calima
36. Administrator of Mucopc
37. Administrator of Lupiri
38. Administrator of Savaic
39. Administrator of Mane
40. Administrator of Cucio
41. Administrator of Umpulo
42. Administrator of Monte Belo
43. Administrator of Cuima
44. Administrator of Chiaca
45. Administrator of Chivaúlo
46. Administrator of Tempité
47. Administrator of Qiiimboa
48. Administrator of Cambamba
49. Administrator of Cuilo
50. Administrator of Miicusso
51. Administrator of Bolonguera
52. Administrator of lava Calabula
53. Administrator of Diiige
54. Administrator of Ciituile
55. Administrator of Muiiliango
56. Administrator of Massangano
57. Administrator of Kunjo
58. Administrator of Dala Cachibo
59. Administrator of Vicuniio
60. Administrator of Songuc
61. Administrator of Cilcco Cangola
62. Administrator of Bmibc
63. Administrator of Mala
64. Administrator of Bânualas
65. Administrator of Oui.ssanjc
66. Administrator of Calussinga
67. Administrator of Caiiulc
68. Administrator of Bolongonyo
69. Administrator of Luinga
70. Administrator of Quindcjc
71. Administrator of Quingombc
72. Administrator of Niiula
73. Administrator of Gamba
74. Administrator of Cassanjo
75. Administrator of Cucumbi

Implementation History

1994

No Implementation

The Lusaka Accord called for extensive local powersharing in the form of civilian administration quotas for UNITA. In all, 150 administrative positions were mentioned in the Accord. It was thought likely that the 4 Governor positions and 7 Deputy-Governor positions would receive the bulk of attention from the media and/or verification bodies. There were no reported developments on any of the 150 appointments in 1994.

1995

No Implementation

There were no reported developments on any of the appointments. 

1996

No Implementation

There were no reported developments on any of the appointments. 

1997

No Implementation

There were no reported developments on any of the appointments. 

1998

Intermediate Implementation

In 1998 substantial progress was made regarding the appointment of UNITA officials to administrative positions in Angola. State-run television in Angola ran a story on 16 March 1998 that President Dos Santos was firing or relieving governors and deputy-governors of their jobs throughout Angola so that he could reappoint UNITA representatives to those posts, as agreed upon in the Lusaka Accord. Angolan TV reported that “the President of the Republic today issued two decrees relieving Manuel Goncalves Mwandumba, Serafim Ananito Alexandre, and Manuel Dala from their posts as governors of Uige, Lunda Sul, and Cuando Cubango Provinces, respectively” (BBC Monitoring Africa, 1998). 

The President of the Republic appointed new governors and deputy-governors proposed by UNITA to fill the above posts: Joao Domingos Manzahila, Domingos Oliveira, and Jose Cativa were appointed as governors of Uige, Lunda Sul, and Cuando Cubango Provinces, respectively; Bernardo Prata, Americo Chimina, Moises Chivemba, Jose Soma Gaspar, Manuel Bunjo, Antonio Tonga, and Campos Tomas were appointed as deputy-governors of Benguela, Huambo, Bie, Huila, Luanda, Cuanza Sul, and Bengo Provinces, respectively.1

The quota of 3 governors and seven deputy-governors was therefore implemented. No further information could be found on the other positions.

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program coded the conflict between the Angolan government and UNITA as reaching the threshold of “war” in 1998 with over 1000 total deaths in the year. Coding for this case stops December 31, 1998.

  • 1. “President Dos Santos Appoints New Governors Proposed By UNITA,” BBC Monitoring Africa, March 18, 1998.