Cease Fire: Interim Constitution Accord

The Pretoria Minute 1990, Article 3:

In the interest of moving as speedily as possible towards a negotiated peaceful political settlement and in the context of the agreements reached, the ANC announced that it was now suspending all armed actions with immediate effect. As a result of this, no further armed actions and related activities by the ANC and its military wing Umkhonto we Sizwe will take place. It was agreed that a working group will be established to resolve all outstanding questions arising out of this decision to report by 15 September 1990. Both sides once more committed themselves to do everything in their power to bring about a peaceful solution as quickly as possible."

Implementation History

1993

Intermediate Implementation

Violence continued after the National Peace Accord of 1991. The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) suspended all peace talks with the African National Congress (ANC) on January 16, 1992, accusing it of two violations of the cease-fire agreement. There were also reports of renewed clashes between IFP and ANC followers in Pietermaritzburg on January 15th and 16th, in which 15 houses had been burnt down. There was no report of casualties.1

Spoiler violence continued, but none of the major parties to the ceasefire agreement returned to armed conflict.

  • 1. "South Africa Inkatha suspends peace talks with ANC; renewed clashes reported," BBC Summary of World Broadcasts/The Monitoring Report, January 18, 1992.
1994

Full Implementation

Multiparty elections were held in April 1994, and South Africa made the transition to democracy. Since the transition to democracy, the ceasefire has been self-enforcing.

1995

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1996

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1997

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1998

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

1999

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2000

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2001

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.

2002

Full Implementation

No further developments observed.